American Eskimo Dog Health Issues: What Owners Need to Know

Your American Eskimo Dog is more than just a loyal companion – they’re a member of your family. But like any family member, they can have health issues that require special care. As an American Eskimo owner, it’s important to understand the common health problems these pups can face.

In this article, we’ll walk through the major health concerns for the breed. From luxating patellas to eye issues, we’ll cover what to watch out for and how to keep your furry friend happy and healthy. Stick with us – your Eskie is counting on you to help them live their best life! We’ll make sure you know the signs, symptoms, and preventative care to keep your pup by your side for years to come.

Overview of Common American Eskimo Dog Health Issues

Eye issues

American Eskimo Dogs are prone to progressive retinal atrophy, cataracts, and glaucoma. Take your Eskie to the vet regularly for eye exams to catch any issues early. Cataract surgery and medication for glaucoma may help prevent blindness.

Hip dysplasia

This common condition in Eskies can lead to arthritis and pain. Have your vet check your dog’s hips, especially as a puppy. Keeping your Eskie at a healthy weight and avoiding strenuous exercise can help prevent problems. Anti-inflammatory medication may provide relief from pain.


Eskimo Dogs frequently suffer from inhalant or food allergies that cause itchy, irritated skin and ears. If your Eskie is scratching, licking their paws or shaking their head often, they may have environmental or dietary allergies. Talk to your vet about allergy medication and dietary changes.

Dental disease

Like many small breed dogs, Eskies are prone to dental problems. Brush your Eskie’s teeth regularly and have your vet perform dental checkups to remove tartar and prevent infection. Poor dental health can lead to health issues if left untreated.

Providing the best care for your Eskie means staying up to date with their regular vet checkups and any tests recommended for the breed. Early detection of health issues common to American Eskimo Dogs gives you the best chance to manage problems and keep your pal happy and comfortable for life.

American Eskimo Dog Health Issues
American Eskimo Dog

Eye Disorders in American Eskimo Dogs

American Eskimo Dogs are prone to certain eye issues, so it’s important for owners to be aware of signs to watch for. Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) is an inherited disease that causes the retina to degenerate over time, leading to vision loss. There is no cure, but DNA testing can help determine if a dog is a carrier. Early signs include night blindness, dilated pupils, and reluctance to go out in dim light.

Cataracts are also common and cause the lens to become opaque, clouding the eye. They often develop later in life but can be surgically removed with high success rates if vision is significantly affected. Watch for signs like pupil dilation, cloudiness on the eye surface, and difficulty seeing in low light.

Glaucoma leads to high pressure in the eye that damages the optic nerve. It’s usually inherited and difficult to detect early on. Once diagnosed, medication or surgery may help prevent permanent vision loss. Owners should monitor for symptoms such as sensitivity to light, pain/irritation in the eye, excessive tearing, and pupils that don’t respond normally to light changes.

By staying informed about potential eye issues, keeping up with vet checkups, and monitoring your American Eskimo Dog for early signs of vision problems, owners can help ensure better health and quality of life for their furry friends. Early detection and treatment of many eye disorders can prevent or slow the progression of vision loss, so be vigilant and don’t hesitate to call the vet if you notice any changes in your dog’s eyes or vision.

Orthopedic Problems in American Eskimo Dogs

American Eskimo Dog Health Issues
American Eskimo Dog

Hip Dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is a hereditary condition where the hip socket does not fully cover the ball portion of the upper thighbone. This can lead to pain, inflammation, and arthritis as your American Eskimo Dog ages. Watch for signs of discomfort like limping or difficulty standing up or lying down. X-rays can confirm a diagnosis, and treatments focus on managing pain and slowing the progression.

Patellar Luxation

The knee cap, or patella, can become dislocated in American Eskimo Dogs, causing pain and lameness. The patella normally slides up and down in a groove of the femur (thighbone) when the knee bends. With patellar luxation, the patella pops out of this groove, resulting in kneecap instability. Surgical correction may be recommended for severe cases to realign the patella and tighten ligaments. Conservative management like exercise restriction, orthotics or medications can also help provide relief from discomfort.

Intervertebral Disk Disease

The cushioning disks between vertebrae in the spine can degenerate or herniate in American Eskimo Dogs. This can put pressure on the spinal cord, causing neck or back pain, weakness or paralysis. While any dog can be affected, smaller breeds like American Eskimo Dogs are more prone to disk problems. Anti-inflammatory medications, cage rest, physical therapy and surgery are options for treatment. Maintaining a healthy weight and avoiding excessive jumping can help prevent disk disease or reduce its severity.

In summary, American Eskimo Dogs can be prone to certain orthopedic conditions, so it’s important for owners to be aware of signs of joint or musculoskeletal pain in their dogs. Early diagnosis and treatment is key to managing discomfort and preventing permanent damage. Providing a proper diet, exercise, supplements and routine veterinary care are the best steps owners can take to keep their American Eskimo Dogs healthy and active well into their senior years.

American Eskimo Dog Health Issues
American Eskimo Dog

Other Health Concerns to Watch For

In addition to the common issues, American Eskimo Dog owners should keep an eye out for some other potential health concerns. These faithful companions can be prone to certain conditions, so familiarizing yourself with the signs will help you get your pup the care they need right away.

Dental Disease

Those adorable Eskie smiles need extra attention to stay healthy. Their teeth are at high risk of overcrowding, which can lead to painful dental disease if left untreated. Brush your Eskie’s teeth regularly using dog toothpaste and toothbrush to remove plaque and tartar buildup. Take them for professional dental cleanings as recommended by your vet.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy

Progressive Retinal Atrophy or PRA refers to a group of inherited diseases that cause blindness in dogs. Early signs in Eskies include dilated pupils, night blindness, and vision loss. There is no cure, but medication and supplements may slow the progression. Have your Eskie’s eyes examined by a vet regularly to monitor for changes.


Epilepsy causes seizures in dogs and can develop in Eskies, usually between 6 months and 3 years of age. If your Eskie has a seizure, remain calm and keep them safe until it passes. Seek emergency vet care for seizures lasting more than 5 minutes or if your dog has trouble breathing afterwards. Epilepsy cannot be cured but can often be managed well with medication and lifestyle changes.

By understanding these potential issues, providing good care, and catching problems early, you can help keep your adorable American Eskimo Dog happy and healthy for life. Take them for regular vet checkups, brush up on warning signs of disease, and don’t hesitate to call the vet if you notice any concerning changes in your Eskie’s health or behavior. Their longevity and well-being depend on the loving care and commitment of responsible owners like you.

Caring for Your American Eskimo Dog’s Health: Prevention and Treatment

American Eskimo Dog Health Issues
American Eskimo Dog

Find a Reliable Vet

Take your American Eskimo dog for regular checkups with a veterinarian experienced with the breed. Establishing a good relationship with a vet you trust is one of the best things you can do for your dog’s health and well-being. Discuss things like recommended vaccines, heartworm and flea prevention, diet, exercise, and other preventative care.

Vaccinate and Use Prevention

Vaccines and prevention are key to keeping your American Eskimo dog healthy. Core vaccines include rabies, distemper, parvovirus, and adenovirus. Discuss other recommended vaccines with your vet. Use heartworm and flea prevention medication as prescribed to avoid these harmful parasites.

Maintain a Healthy Diet and Exercise

Keeping your American Eskimo dog at a healthy weight is important for their wellbeing. Measure out portions and stick to a regular feeding schedule. Choose a high-quality dog food formulated for the breed or size. Exercise your dog daily with walks, playtime, and training. American Eskimo dogs need mental and physical stimulation to stay happy and healthy.

Watch for Health Issues

Be on the lookout for health issues common to the breed like hip dysplasia, eye problems, and skin issues. Take your dog for eye exams, hip evaluations, and checkups regularly. Catching problems early gives the best chance for successful treatment. Some conditions like hip dysplasia can be managed with weight loss, exercise, medication or in severe cases, surgery. Skin and eye issues are often treated with medication.

Keeping up with your American Eskimo dog’s health and prevention will give you peace of mind and help ensure you have many happy, healthy years together. An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure, so take the steps to properly care for your dog and you’ll both benefit!


  • You’ve got the scoop on American Eskimo dog health issues now.
  • While they’re generally healthy pups, there are some issues like luxating patella, PRA, and allergies you need to watch for.
  • Stay on top of vet visits, provide healthy food and exercise, keep their cute fur coat clean and well-groomed, and give them lots of love.
  • With good preventative care and early treatment when needed, your Eskie can live a full, active life of 12-15 years.
  • Enjoy every minute with your fluffy friend! At the end of the day, their sweet, fun-loving spirit is what really matters most.

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