American Eskimo Dog Diseases: How to Keep Your Pup Healthy

You love your fluffy American Eskimo dog like they’re your own child. Seeing them happy and energetic makes your day. But as a responsible fur parent, you know you have to watch out for their health. American Eskimos can be prone to certain diseases. Staying informed will help you keep your pup safe.

In this article, you’ll learn about some common health issues for the breed. We’ll cover signs to watch for and steps you can take to protect your dog. Getting ahead of any problems will keep your pup smiling and feeling their best for years to come. Stick with us to learn how to keep your American Eskimo dog healthy and thriving.

Common Health Issues in American Eskimo Dogs

Joint Problems

American Eskimo Dogs are prone to joint issues like hip and elbow dysplasia. Watch for signs like limping, difficulty getting up or lying down, or reluctance to engage in normal activities. Keeping your Eskie at a healthy weight, providing joint supplements, and limiting high-impact exercise can help prevent or manage these conditions.

Eye Issues

Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) and cataracts are also common in the breed. PRA causes vision loss and ultimately blindness, while cataracts cloud the lens of the eye. Regular vet checkups including eye exams are key to catching these issues early. Surgery may be an option, depending on the severity.


Many Eskies suffer from allergies, especially food allergies and atopic dermatitis. If your dog is scratching excessively, has irritated skin or ear infections, or gastrointestinal issues, allergies could be the culprit. An elimination diet trial can help determine if food allergies are a factor. For environmental allergies, bathing and medication may provide relief.

Dental Problems

American Eskimo Dogs need frequent dental care to prevent painful tooth and gum disease. Brush your Eskie’s teeth several times a week, use dental wipes and sprays, and have regular dental cleanings done by your vet to keep their smile bright and their mouth healthy for life.

By providing the best possible care including high-quality nutrition, frequent vet checkups, and keeping a close eye out for any issues, you can help ensure your American Eskimo Dog lives a long, happy, and healthy life.

American Eskimo Dog Diseases
American Eskimo Dog

How to Prevent Disease in Your American Eskimo Dog

Keeping your American Eskimo dog healthy starts with prevention. As a responsible pet owner, it’s up to you to protect your furry friend from illness and disease. Schedule regular vet checkups. Take your Eskie in for routine examinations and necessary vaccinations, usually once a year. Your vet can check for any potential issues and ensure your pup’s shots are up to date.

Feed a high-quality diet. A healthy, balanced diet gives your Eskimo the nutrients needed to maintain a strong immune system. Look for a dog food specifically for Eskies or small breeds. Table scraps and people food should only be occasional treats. Groom and bathe regularly. Bathing once a month or every other month and frequent brushing remove dirt, dead skin, and parasites that can lead to infection or infestation. Be sure to check ears, eyes, nails and teeth during grooming too.

Limit exposure to parasites. Use monthly flea, tick and heartworm prevention medication as directed by your vet. Check your yard for standing water or rodent holes where parasites can breed. Clear brush, mow the lawn and dispose of trash where pests may hide. Provide exercise and mental stimulation. Walks, playtime, training and puzzle toys keep your Eskie at a healthy weight and prevent boredom. Obese or under-stimulated dogs are more prone to illness.

By following these best practices for preventive health, you can help your American Eskimo dog live a long, happy and disease-free life. An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure, so make your Eskie’s wellbeing a top priority. Their unconditional love and companionship will make all your efforts worthwhile.

American Eskimo Dog Diseases
American Eskimo Dog

Signs of Illness to Watch Out For

As an American Eskimo dog owner, it’s important to monitor your pup closely for any signs of illness. Many diseases can be managed well if caught early, so make routine checkups and veterinary care a top priority. Some red flags to look out for include:

Lethargy or Loss of Appetite

If your normally energetic dog starts acting sleepy, sad, or uninterested in food or activities, this can signal an underlying issue. Conditions like parvovirus, liver disease, or diabetes can sap a dog’s energy and appetite. Call your vet right away if lethargy or loss of appetite persists for more than a day.

Vomiting or Diarrhea

An occasional upset stomach may not be cause for alarm, but if your American Eskimo experiences repeated or severe vomiting, has bloody or black stools, or seems dehydrated, seek veterinary care immediately. Parasites, infections, or digestive issues can wreak havoc on your pup’s system. Provide plenty of fresh water to avoid dehydration in the meantime.

Coughing or Difficulty Breathing

Coughing, wheezing, or shallow, rapid breathing are signs that your dog’s respiratory system needs attention. Conditions like collapsing trachea, pneumonia, heartworm disease, or respiratory infections should be evaluated by a vet as soon as possible. In severe cases, difficulty breathing can become life-threatening without prompt treatment.

By keeping a close watch for these common signs of illness in American Eskimo dogs and contacting your vet right away if you notice them, you’ll help ensure your best friend stays happy and healthy for years to come. Early detection and diagnosis of disease is key to effective treatment and good quality of life, so make those routine vet checks a top priority.

Caring for an American Eskimo Dog With Health Problems

American Eskimo Dog Diseases
American Eskimo Dog

Skin issues

American Eskimo Dogs can be prone to skin problems, like hot spots, fleas, and dry skin. To keep your pup’s coat healthy, bathe them regularly using a vet-approved dog shampoo formulated for white coats. After bathing, apply a moisturizing conditioner to hydrate their skin and coat. You’ll also want to check them frequently for any signs of fleas or ticks and treat them if necessary. Dry, itchy skin can often be relieved by giving your dog fatty acid supplements, like fish oil capsules.

Eye problems

American Eskimo Dogs are also susceptible to eye issues, such as progressive retinal atrophy, glaucoma, and cataracts. Take your dog for regular vet checkups so their eyes can be examined. Early detection of any eye problems is critical to minimize vision loss. You may need to administer eye drops or ointments as directed by your vet. In some cases, surgery may be recommended to treat certain conditions. Protect your dog’s eyes by not exposing them to irritants and by providing eye lubricant, especially in dry, windy weather.

Patellar luxation

Patellar luxation, also known as slipped stifles, is a common orthopedic issue in American Eskimo Dogs. This occurs when the kneecap slips out of place, which can cause pain, limping, and joint damage. Mild cases may be managed with rest, pain medication, physical therapy or knee braces. More severe cases typically require corrective surgery to realign the kneecap to prevent arthritis from developing. Keep your dog at a healthy weight, limit jumping and be very careful with puppies while their joints are still developing.

Other health issues

Some American Eskimo Dogs may experience other problems like hypothyroidism, epilepsy, or dental issues. The best way to stay on top of your dog’s health is through routine vet care. Get your American Eskimo Dog checked out immediately if you notice any significant changes in behavior or activity levels, difficulty breathing, loss of appetite, vomiting or diarrhea that lasts more than a day. Early diagnosis and treatment of any health issues will help keep your faithful companion by your side for years to come.

American Eskimo Dog Diseases FAQs

American Eskimo Dog Diseases
American Eskimo Dog

What diseases are American Eskimo dogs prone to?

Some conditions to watch out for include:

  • Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA): An eye disease that can lead to blindness. Early eye exams can detect it.
  • Hip dysplasia: A malformed hip socket that can cause arthritis. Have your Eskie’s hips X-rayed at 2 years old.
  • Hypothyroidism: An underactive thyroid. Blood tests can check for this, and medication can treat it.

How can I keep my American Eskimo dog healthy?

The best way to keep your Eskie healthy is through:

  • Annual vet checkups: Especially as your Eskie ages, early detection of diseases is key.
  • High-quality diet: Feed your Eskie a diet high in protein and nutrients to maintain a healthy weight.
  • Regular exercise: Daily walks, playtime, and training will keep your Eskie at a healthy weight and stimulate them mentally.
  • Grooming: Brush your Eskie 3 times a week to prevent matting and distribute oils, check their skin, ears, nails, and teeth.
  • Vaccinations: Make sure your Eskie gets all necessary vaccinations to prevent diseases like parvovirus, rabies, and kennel cough.

How long do American Eskimo dogs usually live?

With proper care and health management, American Eskimo dogs typically live 12-15 years. Some Eskies live well into their late teens. The key is getting your Eskie checked out early and often by a vet to catch any potential health issues quickly. By keeping your Eskie at a healthy weight, exercising them, feeding them a nutritious diet, and brushing them regularly, you’ll maximize their lifespan.


  • You’ve got an amazing American Eskimo dog, so keeping them happy and healthy should be your top priority.
  • It’s a big responsibility, but so rewarding.
  • Your pup depends on you! Remember to stay on top of vaccines, provide excellent nutrition, exercise daily, and schedule regular vet checkups.
  • Also, educate yourself on breed-specific issues like luxating patella so you can catch problems early.
  • With good preventative care and lots of love, your Eskimo can enjoy many years by your side as your fun-loving, fluffy best friend.
  • Stay vigilant, and you’ll be able to handle whatever comes your way. Here’s to many good years together!

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